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Glossary

A
Active Status

Status in which an approved domain becomes accessible on the network once the technical information has been indicated

ANACOM
Autoridade Nacional de Comunicações (National Communications Authority)
Approved Status
Status denoting a process with a favourable legal assessment according to the data input online, which may be subject to subsequent documental verification in accordance with a random selection. (this is a temporary status that becomes final once the technical assessment has been concluded).
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
Asymmetric Encryption
Method of cryptography that uses a pair of keys: a public key, distributed freely and a private key, restricted only to its holder
B
Begin-Online Status
Status marking a process that has not been finalized. It is not recoverable and a new process must be submitted
C
Cache Poisoning
Attack on the DNS characterised by the input of data into the temporary memory of a name server, whose origin is not a trustworthy authoritative server
CEGER
Centro de Gestão da Rede Informática do Governo (Management of the Government's IT Network)
D
Deleted Status
Status identifying a domain that has been removed, following a request by the registrant, registrar or on the decision of the FCCN or competent legal authority
DNS
Domain Name System
DNSSEC
Domain Name System Security Extensions
Domain
A name used to individually locate and identify computers on the Internet.
E
E-mail
Derivative of Electronic mail
Endereço IP
Internet Protocol
EPP
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (Protocol that governs Registry-Registrar data communications). See also Registry-Registrar Protocol
Expired Status
Status denoting a process that has expired due to renewal/payment default
F
FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions
FCCN
Fundação para a Computação Científica Nacional (Foundation for National Scientific Computation)
G
H
Homebanking
Term used to describe transaction, payment and other financial and data operations on the Internet through the secure page of a bank
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
I
IANA
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
ICS
ERC- Entidade Reguladora da Comunicação Social (Regulating Entity for the Media).
IDN
Internationalized Domain Name
INPI
Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial (National Institute of Industrial Property)
IPv4
Internet Protocol version 4
IPv6
Internet Protocol version 6
ISP
Internet Service Provider
J
K
L
Link
Derived from the term hyperlink
M
Man-in-the-middle
Network attack that also affects the DNS service and whose objective is to intercept communications between the two machines, thereby acquiring the ability to view, insert and modify messages exchanged without the knowledge and consent of either of the parties
Messaging
Application for managing the exchange of messages or information in electronic format
N
Name servers
Machines with a DNS data repository able to translate domain names into IP addresses and vice-versa
Network sensors
Network sensors
Nic-handle
This is a unique identifier used for the domain files, making it possible to associate contacts with domains.
NIF
Tax/Fiscal Identification Number
O
P
Password
Password
Peer-to-peer
Point to point connection
Pending-Delete Status
Status showing that a domain is in a state of pre-removal, during which time it is neither assigned nor active, but may be recovered again by the same registrant
Punycode
This is a universal way of representing domains in ASCII format, whatever their original code
Q
R
Registrars
The .PT DNS Registrars are entities that are specialised in the registration and management of domain names.
Registry
Entity responsible for the management, registration and maintenance of domains under a certain TLD
Registry Lock Service
TheRegistry Lock Service is a premium service provided by DNS.PT, which providesadditional security protection for the data linked to domain names, therebyavoiding unauthorized changes, transfers or deletions.
Registry-Registrar Protocol
Also known as EPP, this is a service for normalising communication between the .PT domain Registrars and the FCCN (which is the Registry of this top-level domain) whose objective it is to make the entire domain registration and maintenance procedure by these entities, automatic.
Rejected Status
Status identifying a process which, following its legal assessment, does not meet the necessary conditions for its approval
Reserved Status
Exactly the same status as the "Active" status but where there are no technical details. The domain name will not be activated
RIR
Regional Internet registry
Root Server
This is a name server for the DNS root zone (".") and its role is to respond to DNS requests from the root zone and requests from top domain name servers
S
Sensors
Real-time network observation instrumentation
Server
Computing system that provides services to one or more computer networks
Servidor de raiz
É um servidor de nomes para a zona raiz (".") do DNS e tem como função responder a pedidos DNS da zona raiz e pedidos de servidores de nome de domínios de topo
Stand-By-Payment Status
Status marking a process awaiting payment of the registration and maintenance fee within 48 hours. In the absence of payment within this deadline the domain expires
Start Status
Status confirming that online input is finalized, awaiting legal assessment/verification according to the details input online
T
Tech-Pro Status
Status identifying that the domain has been approved but has technical irregularities which prevent it from being activated. (e.g. Primary IP Server not configured or incorrectly configured)
TLD
Top Level Domain
U
Username
Username (name that uniquely identifies someone in our system)
V
Video broadcasting
This is the technology that enables audio and video content to be transmitted to the Internet from a particular location.
W
Web
World Wide Web
X
Y
Z
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